Student science is an indispensable component in training of present-day doctors, and participation of our students in conferences is one of the most efficient forms of research work.
The 18th International Scientific Conference of Young Scientists “Youth in Science – 2.0’21” was held at the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus during several last days of September. It is one of the largest youth scientific events in Belarus, a prestigious platform for the presentation of the projects of talented young scientists from the CIS countries, near and far abroad. Over 200 young researchers, including scientists of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, representatives of higher educational institutions, colleges and universities, school students from our republic as well as guests from Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Armenia, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Moldova, heads of the councils of young scientists of the academies of sciences – members of the International Association of Academies of Sciences participated in it. A member of the student scientific club of the Department of Military Epidemiology and Military Hygiene of Belarusian State Medical University, 4th year student of the General Medicine Faculty, Yan Ostrozhinsky, was invited to the conference.
The young researchers were addressed by Chief Scientific Secretary of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Chairman of the Council of Young Scientists of the National Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Andrei Ivanets. In particular, he noted that the biomedical field is actively developing all over the world and Belarusian scientists have worthwhile developments in the field of genetics and bioinformatics.
The Medical Sciences section of the conference included reports on a variety of issues. Among them are adaptive mechanisms in the study of bioelectrical activity of long-livers’ hearts, peculiarities of long-term cultivation of neurons, anticonvulsant effect of ketogenic diets, the role of melatonin in hypoxia in rat hippocampal slices and many others. The problem of SARS-CoV-2 consequences was also touched upon as an example of rat behaviour under modeling of coronavirus infection. Researchers of the Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences analyzed orienting-motor and passive-defensive reflexes of rats after intranasal application of hyaluronidase to reveal its contribution to structural and functional changes of the hippocampal neural networks and, consequently, the effect of coronavirus invasion on central nervous system functions.
Medical aspects regarding coronavirus infection have been extensively discussed. Using bioinformatics and computer modelling techniques, young scientists in our country are engaged in the development of medicines against SARS-CoV-2. At the exhibition of the conference was presented rapid test for the determination of antibodies class IgM, IgG to SARS-CoV-2, which allows high-quality and rapid (up to 15 minutes) to determine their presence in human blood, serum and plasma by immunochromatographic analysis. The test has been approved by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus for use in practice.
The development of the method of medical masks sterilization with the use of an atmospheric pressure glow micro-discharge air plasma jet at constant current has attracted particular attention. The analysis of medical mask fragment wipes has shown that treatment of microbial colonies on tryptone-soy agar with plasma jet is less effective compared to conducting inactivation in an enclosed volume with plasma jet exhaust. This method is the most economical and can be applied effectively in practice.
Similar researches of large-scale and multidisciplinary nature are conducted thanks to the developed in our republic system of support to talented and gifted youth, where every aspiring specialist has an opportunity to develop in any of the world’s scientific fields.
Author: Yan Ostrozhinsky, 4th year student at the General Medicine Faculty of BSMU, Sergei Lebedev, senior lecturer at the Department of Military Epidemiology and Military Hygiene, photos provided by Yan Ostrozhinsky
Translation: Tatiana Malkovich